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UWCSEA Gr7 Art - Express Yourself - Painting and Printmaking

Page history last edited by Frank Curkovic 6 years, 3 months ago

 

"What an artist learns matters little.

What he himself discovers has a real worth for him,

and gives him the necessary incitement to work."

-Emil Nolde

 

     
Emil Nolde: "Portrait of Mary Wigman" 1920  Emil Nolde: "The Prophet" 1912 Erich Heckel: "Portrait Of A Man" 1919

 

 

"Express Yourself"

 

This unit will consist of 2 parts and thus have 2 summative tasks:

1. Expressive painting

2. Printmaking

 

Enduring Understanding: Ideas can be transferred, remixed and reinterpreted.

 

Guiding Questions: Skills: (students will be able to...)
  • How can colour and marks express emotion?

  • How can colour have impact?

  • How can scale have impact?

  • How have artists in the past inspired the present?

 
(Painting) 
  • Understanding colour as tone
  • Develop expressive brush strokes, including scumbling
  • Apply and create texture
  • creating neutrals with complementary colours 
(Printmaking) 
  • Create a reductive print using 2 colours (plus white)

  • Understand the registering of prints 

 

Key Terms: complementary, colour, Expressionism, neutrals, print, reductive, register, scumbling, subtractive, texture, tone

 

Resources:

  • German Expressionism (link) via MOMA
  • Friday Morning Lecture & Tour Series: September 21, 2012: German Expressionist Art 1905-1937 (video) "German art experienced an extraordinary surge of creativity in the years before World War I and throughout the Weimar Republic. In 1905 Ernst Ludwig Kirchner founded the expressionist movement Die Brücke together with like-minded artists in Dresden. In Munich Wassily Kandinsky started the Blaue Reiter with Paul Klee, Franz Marc and August Macke in 1911. Artists like Käthe Kollwitz, Emil Nolde, Max Beckmann and Otto Dix were associated with the movement. Several started to teach at the Bauhaus School and their influence grew beyond Germany - until the Nazi regime put an end to all avant-garde arts by declaring them "degenerate" and confiscating thousands of artworks in museums and private collections all over Germany. This lecture will look at the interaction between politics and creativity during this time period."
  • BBL Episode 4: German Expressionism (video45 years, Chief Educator Barbara Brown Lee has shared the joy of learning about art with visitors to the Milwaukee Art Museum. The BBL Series captures Barbara's unique relationship to, and passion for the works in the Museum's Collection, providing the viewer with a rich and engaging perspective on the art.
  •  Art Styles with Mrs. G: Fauvism (video) Mrs. G gives an overview on the fauvist art style.

  • Austrian & German Expressionism (via Artsy

  • How to Make Linocuts (via Instructables) 

 

Assessment Rubric here

 

Lesson 1 (Painting1)

Warm-up: Draw yourself on A3 paper in 15 minutes. Do not worry about accuracy.

You may wish to exaggerate features.

Is your drawing more expressive than the first unit on portrait drawing?

 

Task (30 mins): You will now paint the drawing using 2 colours (plus black and white if you wish).

Your goal is to be expressive.

The example below shows how 2 colours were used for the shadows and highlights.

You should approach your work in the same manner.

It is OK to leave white areas on your paper.

You are allowed to create different tones with each colour.

Be loose and sketchy with your brush work! Use a fat brush. 

Do not worry so much about fine details.

 

***Allow students 10 mins to tidy up. Work can be placed on the wood shelves (drying rack) at the back of the classroom.

 

Conclusion (10mins): Critique yourself with a peer. What have you learnt from this? What do you wish to learn?

 

Homework: Research some basic background information on German Expressionism (& Fauvism).

Gather images you like as well (source them). Your research should outline the movements and include artists.

 

 

Lesson 2 (Painting2)

Task (10-15min): select a colour of tempera paint.

Dilute it slightly with water and cover your entire paper.

Do not use black.

Let sit to dry.

 

Whole Class Discussion (10min): 

What is German Expressionism? (Homework review)

Looking at the 3 works of art below, how did they portray portraiture?

George Grosz

The Poet Max Herrmann-Neisse

Date: 1927

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Street, Dresden

Date: 1908 (reworked 1919; dated on painting 1907)

Oskar Kokoschka

Self-Portrait

Date:1913

Portraiture underwent a dramatic transformation in the modern era, perhaps most definitively in the hands of the Expressionists. Rather than flattering the sitter or focusing on external appearances, Expressionist portraits explore "inner feelings" and issues of the psyche. 

 

Watch the following video on scumbling (note: there is no audio):

 

Project Task:

Who are you? What is your personality like? What goes on in your mind?

How would people describe you?

Take a portrait of yourself that showcases your inner psyche. Recreate it in paint.

How can your painting enhance the sense of your psyche?

You may wish to consider distortion, scale, colour, the application of paint & brushwork etc.

You will be assessed on composition, colour and brushwork.

You should take the time to decide on a colour scheme.

Your work will be minimum A3 in size.

You will have 3 classes to complete it.

 

OR, use one of your photographic assignments from the last unit as inspiration, or your expressive painting.

You will begin painting the next class. 

View previous student work here.

 

Task (20-30minutes): 

Take an expressive portrait of yourself using photobooth.

Take the paper you painted at the beginning of class and lightly and quickly create an outline in pencil.

Do not worry about accuracy, but instead focus on making your work balanced.

Paint it, utilising the scumbling technique.

You will need to work quickly as time is an issue.

With tempera paint, start with the lightest colours.

 

Homework: 

In your sketchbooks, create a series of expressive pencil portrait drawings focusing on distortion and scale.

Experiment! Review what Expressionism is and apply it to your work.

What mood do you wish to convey?

The drawings do not have to be large. You can fit approximately 6-9 per page.

It may also be a good idea to add some coloured pencil to show how you will add paint on a few.

Be prepared to begin your project task in the next lesson.

 

 

CHINESE NEW YEAR HOLIDAY 

 

Lesson 3 (Painting3)

(Direct Students to this website)

Warm-up (10-15 minutes): 

Review: What makes an Expressionistic portrait?

Critique homework at your tables.

What was the purpose of the task? 

Create a series of expressive pencil portrait drawings focusing on distortion and scale.

Experiment! Review what Expressionism is and apply it to your work.

What mood do you wish to convey?

The drawings do not have to be large. You can fit approximately 6-9 per page.

It may also be a good idea to add some coloured pencil to show how you will add paint on a few.

How have you meet the expectation?

Are you satisfied with your work? Why or why not?

 

Project Task Reminder (Summative Painting):

Who are you? What is your personality like? What goes on in your mind?

How would people describe you?

Take a portrait of yourself that showcases your inner psyche. Recreate it in paint.

How can your painting enhance the sense of your psyche?

You may wish to consider distortion, scale, colour, the application of paint & brushwork etc.

You will be assessed on composition, colour and brushwork.

You should take the time to decide on a colour scheme.

Your work will be minimum A3 in size.

You will have 3 classes to complete it.

 

OR, use one of your photographic assignments from the last unit as inspiration, or your expressive painting.

 

Note:

Most students may have gone too far out in their homework sketches, or they may look more "cartoony" or too abstract, like Cubist drawings.

If this is the case, students are encourage to stick to regular facial proportions and focus on colour and brushwork instead.

Up to this point, our work mostly involves "passport" photo poses.

Work from a reference photo if you wish to change your pose. This is highly encouraged for everyone.

View some student examples below. Do you think they are successful? Why or why not?

  

 

Task 1:

What will be your colour scheme?

Students should decide on a paper tone for their work. 

It may prove easier to use a lighter colour.

This is because some of the lighter paint colours may not layer well on top of a darker colour.

Brown, black and Prussian blue are not encouraged, unless diluted with white.

If you decide to do this, you will most likely need 75% white in your mix.

Paint your paper as we have previously done in class. Remember, this does not have to be neat or perfect.

When complete, move on to the next phase below.

 

Task 2:

Look at the 2 expressive paintings below.

Details are not included. Brush strokes are visible. Colours are altered and colour blending is visible, rapid and harsh.

Students should now take the time to improve & draft a final sketch(es).

Those that did not complete the homework, will have to work harder at this stage.

They may add marker/coloured pencil too, to test colours. 

Students should be reminded that they will be evaluated on use of colour and brush work.

These final drafts for the their painting portrait may be done in your sketchbook. Quarter size page is fine.

How will the portrait be framed? For example, try to fill the full frame. Don't leave too much empty space at the top.

What if the portrait runs off the page with a zoom? Consider these possibilities.

Get some feedback from your peers on ways to improve and then move on to task 3 below.

  

 

Task 3:

If you feel you are ready to transfer your image onto your toned paper, please do so.

When drafting the sketch onto the final paper, you should stand and draw with your arm and not your wrist.

You should also stand back at times to look at it from a distance to recheck how it looks.

Detailing is not required. An example is below.

[Remember, you will have 2 more classes after this to complete your painting]

 

Homework: attend an Open Art Studio session if required (Mon, Wed, Thurs) before the next lesson to finish your pencil drafting.

 

 

Lesson 4 (Painting4)

Warm-up: (video link)


 

Gather your previous paintings done in class to review.

Reflect what you need to improve on for your final painting.

Take the time to reconsider your use of brush strokes and colour.

Don't forget about the scumbling technique.

 

Begin working on your painting.

 

Homework: attend an Open Art Studio session if required (Mon, Wed, Thurs)

 

 

Lesson 5 (Painting5)

Final Lesson for painting.

 

Homework: attend an Open Art Studio session if required (Mon, Wed, Thurs)

Read the following on the reduction linocut printmaking process as explained by Sherrie York

 

 

 

 

Lesson 6 (Printmaking1)

Warm-up:

Look at the following work of art as inspiration and quickly create your own portrait with black marker in 15 minutes.

     

Pic 1: Conrad FelixmüllerSelf-Portrait (Selbstbildnis) (plate 24) from the illustrated book Deutsche Graphiker der Gegenwart (German Printmakers of Our Time)

Pic 2: Erich Heckel: "Portrait Of A Man" 1919

Pic 3: Emil Nolde: "The Prophet" 1912 

 

Task: We will simulate a 3 colour lino cut demonstration.

Step 1: Using a piece of styrofoam, create a very simple line drawing. This area will be white when printed. Select colour 1 for printing and print the first layer.

On your large sheet of paper, you may make 3-5 prints. Afetr each step, the styrofoam needs to be washed.

 

Step 2: Remove additional sections from the styrofoam. Roll ink colour 2. The areas removed will remain colour 1.

 

Step 3: Remove further areas of the styrofoam. Roll ink colour 3. The areas removed will remain colour 2.

 

Printing Task:

You will create a 3-4 colour print (plus white) of yourself.

This "picture" should be expressive and not necessarily accurate.

Create a balanced illustration with graphic elements.

Carefully consider positive and negative space.

You may wish to consider distortion, scale, colour, line, line weight & pattern.

You will be assessed on composition, carving skill & printing technique.

You should take the time to decide on a colour scheme.

You will have 3 classes to carve and ink.

 

You may also use one of your photographic assignments from the last unit as inspiration.

 

Homework: 

Create some sketches/drafts for final compositions. Make sure you re-read the Printing Task above again.

View these German Expressionism print examples for ideas.

Remember, prints will come out reversed or mirrored!

How will you utilise colour? Think of a 3-4 colour scheme (plus black and/or white)

For your final design, it may prove worthwhile to work in marker (or coloured pencil).

Start off with your line drawing. Make sure to play with line weight. Thicken some of your lines!

Next, decide which sections you will place your colours and colour them in. Don't forget about white!

When we print, we will start with the lightest colour and work up, or with the background colour.

If you used a heavy black outline for your image, this will be the very last layer we will print.

These are the colours that will be available to you:

 

Watch the following video to get a sense of what we will create. Take note on how the different colours are created.

 

 

 

Lesson 7 (Printmaking2) - Transfer & Carving

Warm-up:

Take a picture of your self using photobooth.

Import it into iPhoto to create a square crop.

Upload it to Obama Me.

Here's an alternative to making a print. How many colours were used?

 

 

Task: Critique designs for print.

It is OK, if some students have to completely redo their design.

Reminder of colours available:

Is everyone clear on the stages on how to print?

Here is another example (with explanation) of the process by Natalia Moroz. This utilises a 5 colour scheme, plus white.

When inking, it is important to register your prints accurately.

You will create at least 5 copies of your print.

 

Task: 

Distribute lino. Trace the shape.

Students should create/improve their final design on paper playing particular attention to line weight.

Using tracing paper, trace your drawing.

Students should then transfer their design to the lino. Teacher will demonstrate how to do this.

Redraw your composition to the lino with marker.

 

Homework: Have your final design transferred onto the lino for the next class.

If absent, you are encouraged to attend Open Art Studio on Mon, Wed or Thur after school to catch up.

 

 

Lesson 8-9 (Printmaking3+4) - Carving & Inking

Students will begin carving and inking layers.

 

Homework: none

 

 

 

Lesson 10 (Printmaking5) - Present & Reflect

Gallery showcase of work.

Critique, reflect & evaluate.

 

Homework: none

 

SPRING HOLIDAY 

 

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