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Principles of Art

Page history last edited by Frank Curkovic 11 years, 1 month ago


Congratulations on finding this page. Did you have difficulty in discovering the principles of art? I'll admit, even as a teacher, I've come across different sets myself. Did you know there are also principles of design? Regardless of the differing lists, I feel the ones listed in your homework assignment will assit you regardless in understanding and creating art.





The arrangements of elements so that no one area overpowers.

(symmetrical, asymmetrical and radial)

How elements are arranged to create stability.


Using elements that conflict with one another. Can create interest in a work.

ie. Using complementary colours, extreme light/dark, large/small




The size and quantity of elements in a composition. 

The comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size and scale.

Proportion may also help create the illusion of 3D space.


Repetition of a design.

An element that occurs over and over again in a composition.

Can repeat the element in a consistent pattern.

Can repeat the element in a variation of the pattern.



A repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of movement.


The focal point in a composition. Where one area stands out or draws the viewer's eye.


When all the elements and principles work together to create a pleasing image.


The use of differences and change to increase the visual interest in a work.


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